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Mughal Influence

The mughal influence had been quite strong in Begaluru and the Deccan region. The influence came upon mostly because of the rule of the Deccan sultanates. These sultanates are nothing but kingdoms or dynasties that occupied the region for a given period of time. In the Deccan region there were five of these Deccan sultanates that had their influence which still persists in Bengaluru.

These five kingdoms are prominently known as listed below:-

  • Golkonda
  • Bijapur
  • Bidar
  • Ahmadnagar
  • Berar

Let us have a brief overview of each of the kingdom and their rulers. The Mughal influence in terms of the sultanates is explained below.

Ahmadnagar sultanate

This was one of the prestigious kingdoms in the Deccan region. The governor of Junar known as Malik Ahmed Shah Bahri had defeated the Bahmani army which was led by Jahangir Khan. This was on 28th May 1940 when the independence of Ahmadnagar was declared. The territory was situated in North West Deccan region. The capital primarily was Junnar. Given below arte the list of rulers:-

  • Murtaza Nizam Shah III 1633 - 1636[4].
  • Burhan Nizam Shah I 1510 - 1553
  • Murtaza Nizam Shah 1565 - 1588
  • Ahmad Nizam Shah II 1596
  • Ibrahim Nizam Shah 1595 - 1596
  • Hussain Nizam Shah I 1553 - 1565
  • Burhan Nizam Shah III 1610 - 1631
  • Burhan Nizam Shah II 1591 - 1595
  • Miran Nizam Hussain 1588 - 1589
  • Bahadur Nizam Shah 1596 - 1600
  • Hussain Nizam Shah II 1631 - 1633
  • Murtaza Nizam Shah II 1600 - 1610
  • Isma'il Nizam Shah 1589 - 1591
  • Malik Ahmad Nizam Shah I 1490 - 1510

Berar Sultanate

This was yet another dynasty that was known for its rich culture and importance that it put on art. Berar achieved its independence on 1940. It was declared by Fath-ullah Imad-ul-Mulk who was the governor. The capital for this sultanate was established by him at Achalpur.

Some of the eminent rulers of that time are listed below:-

  • Tufal Khan (usurper) 1574.[5]
  • Fath-ullah Imad-ul-Mulk 1490 - 1504
  • Burhan Imad Shah 1562 - 1574
  • Ala-ud-din Imad Shah 1504 - 1530
  • Darya Imad Shah 15301562

Bidar sultanate

This was the smallest of all the Deccan sultanates. The dynasty was known for its literary works and music. Some of the famous rulers of the kingdom who brought about some changes are listed below:-

  • Ali Barid Shah 1542 - 1580
  • Amir Barid Shah II 1591 - 1600
  • Amir Barid I 1504 - 1542
  • Amir Barid Shah III 1609 - 1619[4].
  • Qasim Barid I 1492 - 1504
  • Ali Barid Shah II 1591
  • Mirza Ali Barid Shah III 1600 - 1609
  • Ibrahim Barid Shah 1580 - 1587
  • Qasim Barid Shah II 1587 - 1591

Bijapur sultanate

This sultanate was ruled by the Adil Shahi dynasty. They ruled from 1490 to 1686 and had some if the important mughal influence in architecture and literature. Let us have a look at the rulers who were the pioneers in bringing about some major influences or changes. The list is given below:-

  • Ibrahim Adil Shah I 1535 - 1558
  • Yusuf Adil Shah 1490 - 1510
  • Sikandar Adil Shah 1672 - 1686[4].
  • Mohammed Adil Shah 1627 - 1656
  • Ismail Adil Shah 1510 - 1534
  • Ali Adil Shah I 1558 - 1580
  • Ali Adil Shah II 1656 - 1672
  • Ibrahim Adil Shah II 1580 - 1627
  • Mallu Adil Shah 1534 - 1535

Golkonda sultanate

This is an important name in the history of the Deccan sultanates and their influences. The Qutb Shahi dynasty was the main authority. Some of the important rulers of this time are:-

  • Muhammadc Quli Qutb Shah 1580 - 1611
  • Abul Hasan Qutb Shah 1672 - 1687
  • Abdullah Qutb Shah 1626 - 1672
  • Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk 1518 - 1543
  • Jamsheed Quli Qutb Shah 1543 - 1550

The Mughal influences in the Deccan region and Bengaluru can be attributed to the rule and authority of these dynasties. Each kingdom has brought in a significant change or contribution that is reflected in the culture and heritage of the city.