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Gangas, Hoysalas, and Cholas

Bengaluru or the erstwhile Bangalore is the capital of Karnataka. It is notably India's third most densely inhabited city and is popularly called the garden or silicon city. It would be interesting to learn about the Gangas, Hoysalas, and Cholas and their presence in Bengaluru.

Bengaluru Cultural Heritage

 Bengaluru has a rich cultural heritage and the city’s origins date back to early ninth century. At different points in history, Bengaluru has been ruled by the Ganags, Hoysalas and Cholas. This is corroborated by an inscription known as "Virra Gallu" or the hero stone, dating back to the Ganga dynasty, which was found at the Paravathi Nageswara Swami temple in Begur. The inscription written in 890 AD in Halle Kanada or the old dialect of Kannada mentions that the city is a thousand years old and was part of the Ganga dynasty until 1004 AD.  At the time it was popularly called Bengaval-uru or the "City of Guards".

Gangas in Bengaluru

The Gangas or the Western Ganga dynasty ruled the region from 350 AD to 1000CE. It was later captured by the Cholas who ruled between 1024 AD and 1117 AD. The Western Ganga Dynasty was known for its unparalleled contribution to Indian literature and architecture. The famous monolith of Gomateshwara (which was voted by Indians as the first Seven Wonders of the World in 2007), situated in Shravanbelagola was built during the reign of the Ganga dynasty.

Cholas in Bengaluru

The Cholas overthrew the Ganga’s, the Hoysalas and the Rastrakutas to stake their rule over the region. One of the most famous temples the Someshwara temple in Bengaluru, was built during the Chola dynasty. Dedicated to Lord Shiva this architectural wonder is amongst one of the oldest temples in Bengaluru

Hoysalas in Bengaluru

In 1117, the battle of Talakad ensued between the Cholas and the Hoysalas. Veer Ballala II, the reigning Hoysala king defeated the Cholas and overthrew the long-reigning Chola dynasty and extended the Hoysala Empire and rule over Bengaluru. Like their predecessors, the Hoysalas too contributed too the rich cultural legacy of India. Their Indo-Aryan and Dravidian style of architecture amalgamated the artistic finesse of the era. The distinct feature of Hoysala temples was that they were built out of soapstone on a base which was shaped like a star.

Despite the existence of the city from ninth century AD, one can find chronicled historical allusions to the same only fifteenth century onwards. The Vijayanagara Empire, which flourished in the fourteenth century, laid the foundation for the establishment of modern-day Bengaluru.  It was founded by Kempe Gowda I. The new town was referred to the "gandu bhumi" or "Land of Heroes", in local parlance.

Bengaluru Heritage

Bengaluru has seen quite a few dynasties like the Gangas. Hoysalas and Cholas play a pivotal role in its early history and economics, which laid the foundation for its future. Present-day Bengaluru is a city which is throbbing with life and vitality. Popularly known as the "Silicon City", it is the hub of software and IT professionals. Despite the urbanization, the garden city pulsates with the cultural ethos and heritage of the centuries gone by.